2017;44(1):39–48. Unfortunately, climate change poses grave risks to agriculture and water security in the region as it increases extreme weather events like drought. And if some experts are to be believed, climate change has contributed to war, as well. Whereas, hydrological drought (SRI, second panel) governs the period of 1999–2012 over the Middle East and reaches its maximum in 2009 with more than 50% drought extent. Supporting drought action in Middle East, North Africa through better data. The process will take place gradually, owing not only to a period of drought we’ve been facing, but also by …
Under normal conditions, only one-fourth of the world's average precipitation falls in the Middle East. The 4.2-kiloyear BP aridification event was one of the most severe climatic events of the Holocene epoch. Moreover, agricultural drought (SSI, bottom two panels) affected the region in late 1990s-early 2000s, the period of 2007–2012, and reached its maximum in 2017 with almost 80% drought extent over the region. The livelihoods of millions of smallholder farmers are at stake. Drought in the Middle East is already intensifying because global warming is causing cyclonic activity to move toward the North Pole and away from the Mediterranean, Stein explains. Moreover, agricultural drought (SSI, bottom two panels) affected the region in late 1990s-early 2000s, the period of 2007–2012, and reached its maximum in 2017 with almost 80% drought extent over the region.
The effects of drought can be clearly seen in the Middle East.
Widespread drought in the Middle East means that many individuals are enduring severe hardship with little watery relief. The Holy Land is experiencing a drought of Biblical proportions. Large-scale climate variability, particularly La Niña, appears to play an important role in regionwide droughts, including the two most severe of the last 50 years—1999–2001 and 2007/08—with implications for drought forecasting.
Climate change, water and security in the Middle East. Glob Environ Chang.
The institute estimates that, of 33 countries predicted to face “extremely high water stress” by the year 2040, 14 will be in the Middle East and North Africa. The Middle East is experiencing its most severe drought in 900 years, according to NASA-- one which is seemingly endless.The drought peaked between 2006-2010, and although 2007, 2009 and 2010 saw "normal" amounts of total rainfall, the region was still in drought.. And therein lies the paradox. The drought's impact could have had a role in creating political unrest and upheaval, experts say . What's worse is that this year rainfall was at its lowest level in 60 years, especially in Jordan. Droughts in the Middle East and North Africa have caused terrible human and economic losses. Climate change contributes to worst Middle East drought in 900 years.