Zinc supplements may negatively interact with certain medications or other supplements. Among other things, zinc is needed for enzyme activity, immune support, wound healing, protein synthesis and normal taste and smell. She specializes in the areas of nutrition, health, psychology, mental health and education. 19 years and older: The nutrient helps the body make proteins and DNA, and also helps the immune system fight off bacteria and viruses. [6,8] Taking a Zinc Supplement. Male: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 5 mg) Premature infants (birth weight less than 1500 g) up to 3 kg in body weight: 300 mcg zinc/kg/day is recommended. The ideal dose for prevention while the COVID-19 risk is high is 40-110 mg/d, a portion of which comes from zinc lozenges to spread the zinc through the tissues of the nose, mouth and throat. Elizabeth Wolfenden has been a professional freelance writer since 2005 with articles published on a variety of blogs and websites. High zinc dosage in children has been linked to increased blood cholesterol levels and recurring infections. Requirements are slightly higher … diagnosis or treatment. As a general rule, 15 mg a day is considered a preventative dosage, while higher doses up to 30 mg may be needed to correct a deficiency. Safety and effectiveness have not been established in pediatric patients less than 12 years of age. Terms of Use Data not available. While most children in the United States can get enough zinc through diet alone, supplementation may prove useful in some circumstances. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Despite some inconsistent results (possibly because of the challenges of measuring zinc status), meta-analyses of intervention studies in a variety of countries have demonstrated a positive association between zinc supplementation and linear growth in children. In the latter condition, the effects of zinc therapy are dramatic and potentially lifesaving. If you supplement your child's diet with a multivitamin, make sure you follow the exact dosage and keep them in a safe place that he can't reach. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse Thiazide diuretics increase urinary zinc excretion by as much as 60%. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)-expressed as elemental zinc: Normal growth and tissue repair depend upon adequate zinc intake. Female: 2 mg (Upper intake limit: 4 mg) The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for zinc ranges from 2 mg/day in young infants to 9 mg/day in adolescent females and 11 mg/day in adolescent males (table 1) [ 1 ]. Zinc is an essential micronutrient for human metabolism that catalyzes more than 100 enzymes, facilitates protein folding, and helps regulate gene expression. How much zinc you should take per day depends on the type, as each supplement contains a different amount of elemental zinc. A study of ADHD treatment with zinc sulfate as a supplement to methylphenidate showed beneficial effects of zinc supplementation in the treatment of children with ADHD. May interact with other medications such as immunosuppressants, blood pressure drugs, and antibiotics; Children below the age of 18 are not recommended to take over-the-counter Zinc supplements unless prescribed by a doctor. Teenage boys between the ages of 14 and 18 should get at least 11 milligrams of zinc each day, while teenage girls the same age need only 9 milligrams of zinc a day. Ask a doctor if you are unsure how much zinc your child needs. Full term infants and children up to 5 years of age: 100 mcg zinc/kg/day is recommended. [5] In some cases, your doctor may recommend for you to take more than this daily. Full term infants and children up to 5 years of age: … While most children in the United States can get enough zinc through diet alone, supplementation may prove useful in … Getting too much zinc on a regular basis may cause low copper levels in the body, a reduced immunity and low levels of the "good" cholesterol. Because of this, parents should make sure their children do not exceed the tolerable upper intake levels established by the Institute of Medicine. According to The Office of Dietary Supplements, these are the following zinc dosages for children- Ages 4 to 8 – 5 mg/day Ages 9 to 13 – 8mg/day Ages 14 to 18 – 9mg/day Female: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 7 mg) Data not available. The tolerable upper intake level is 12 milligrams for children between the ages of 4 and 8 and 23 milligrams for children between 9- and 13-years-old. During pregnancy: 25 mg PO three times daily; may increase to 50 mg three times daily if inadequate response. The World Health Organization and UNICEF now recommend short-term zinc supplementation (20 mg of zinc per day, or 10 mg for infants under 6 months, for 10–14 days) to treat acute childhood diarrhea [ 63 ]. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the Zinc glycinate was chosen as having less gastrointestinal discomfort than sulfate. Zinc can reduce the absorption and action of penicillamine. Oral rehydration is a well-known and relatively simple treatment approach (8–14). 0 to 6 months: Diarrhea 3. People with low copper levels might experience neurological issues, such as numbness and weakness in the arms and legs.The National Institutes of Health considers 40 mg of zinc a day to be the upper limit dose for adults and 4 mg of zinc a day for infants under age 6 months.Don't use intranasal zinc. Pregnancy: 12 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg) Male: 11 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg) LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. Privacy Policy Preventive zinc supplementation for children in low- and middle-income countries appears to reduce rates of diarrhea and may slightly reduce rates of … Symptoms of a zinc overdose include loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, diarrhea and headaches. Zinc acetate (Galzin): 50 mg PO three times daily. cod liver oil (1-2 tsp), vitamin C (500mg), vitamin D (2000 units), magnesium (100-300 mg), The effects of zinc supplementation on diarrhea in children with adequate zinc status, such as most children in the United States, are not clear. , Several recent studies have looked at the impact of vitamin D and zinc on COVID-19. The recommended dietary allowance of teenagers depends on gender. Zinc toxicity can be either acute, leading to short term side effects, or chronic, resulting in long term issues. One study of 489 people found that those who had a vitamin D … Español. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. If you have a zinc deficiency, supplementing with a pill or zinc-rich foods can help you feel better. Usual Pediatric Dose for Dietary Supplement. and Stable adult with fluid loss from the small bowel: Additional 12.2 mg zinc/liter of small bowel fluid lost, or an additional 17.1 mg zinc/kg of stool or ileostomy output is recommended. Wilson Disease. Most women need 8 milligrams of zinc … Last updated on Dec 8, 2020. Acute catabolic states on TPN: Additional 2 mg zinc per day is recommended. Male: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 7 mg) Always let your child's doctor or pediatrician know about the other supplements or medications your child takes before giving a zinc supplement to your child. It is also available in dietary supplements. For full term infants and children up to 5 years of age, 100 mcg zinc/kg/day (0.1 mL/kg/day) is recommended. Zinc as an adjunct to stimulants improved parental and teacher scores in children in an Iranian study, compared with methylphenidate alone, 4 but an American study found scores from parents and teachers did not change significantly. Metabolically stable adults receiving TPN: 2.5 to 4 mg zinc/day Too much zinc or other nutrients can be harmful. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. If you are unsure if your child's medical condition or lifestyle requires a higher dose of zinc, contact your doctor or pediatrician. Zinc sulfate systemic 220 mg (USL 80 USL 80). The following daily doses would be appropriate the average-sized five year old child: zinc (15-30 mg) (Make sure that zinc is given with food.) The best sources of vitamins and minerals for your child is a daily balanced diet. Zinc sulfate injection: IV: Zinc supplementation in populations at risk for zinc deficiency appears to have beneficial effects on the incidence and outcome of serious childhood infectious diseases. Female: 8 mg (Upper intake limit: 23 mg) Leaf Group Ltd. Optimal zinc dosage may vary based on the individual. Parents who give zinc supplements to their children should make sure the dosage is appropriate. Vitamin D. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble nutrient essential to the health and functioning of your immune … VomitingWhen oral zinc is taken long term and in high doses it can cause copper deficiency. Zinc supplements should be taken at least 2 hours before or after taking penicillamine. Wolfenden holds a bachelor's degree in elementary education and a master's degree in counseling from Oakland University. Neither sex fares well when it comes to eating enough foods rich in zinc, a mineral that is integral to normal growth and sexual development. ferrous sulfate, folic acid, ergocalciferol, multivitamin, biotin, ascorbic acid, calcium / vitamin d, Fish Oil, Zinc, thiamine. Zinc: Good For Growth. Zinc is an essential mineral found naturally in foods. Quinolone or tetracycline antibiotics should be taken 1 hour before or 4 to 6 hours after taking zinc. Female: 3 mg (Upper intake limit: 5 mg) used as a substitute for professional medical advice, The recommended dietary allowance for elemental zinc is 11 mg daily for men and 8 mg for nonpregnant women. routine use of zinc supplementation, at a dosage of 20 milligrams per day for children older than six months or 10 mg per day in those younger than six months, for 10–14 days (6, 7). Data not available. Precautions. Quinolone or tetracycline antibiotics, penicillamine, chlorthalidone and hydrochlorothiazide are a few medications known to negatively interact with zinc supplements. Find out everything you need to know about weight loss drugs in our prescription weight loss pill guide. Lactation: 12 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg) The dose of zinc sulfate used was 55 mg/day, which is equivalent to 15 mg zinc. Text Size. Applies to the following strengths: 220 mg; 66 mg; 110 mg; 1 mg/mL; 5 mg/mL; 140 mg (as elemental zinc 50 mg). Female: 9 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg) The optimal dose of zinc for the treatment of COVID-19 is not established. The Zinc Therapeutic Dose Trial was an individually randomized, parallel-group, double-blind, controlled trial of three different doses of zinc among children in … any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Hypotheses were that zinc would improve inattention more than placebo by effect size of d > 0.25 at 8 weeks; zinc+AMPH would improve ADHD symptoms more than placebo+AMPH by d > 0.25, and optimal dose of AMPH with zinc would be 20% lower than with placebo. 4 to 8 years: The children receiving zinc had better scores on neuropsychological tests, especially tests of impulsivity. Lactation: 13 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg) Researchers from Spain reporting at a European coronavirus conference found that hospitalized COVID-19 patients with low blood levels of zinc … Oral zinc can cause: 1. The minimum amount of zinc children need depends on their age. However, if you take too much, you'll feel just as bad. Zinc is an essential mineral that humans need to stay healthy.Zinc helps the immune system fight off bacteria and viruses, is important for wound healing and is important for proper senses of taste and smell.The body also needs zinc to make proteins and DNA, the genetic materials in cells.. Zinc is available under the following different brand names: Galzin and ZnCl2. Other Comments. How Much Zinc for an Adult Female?. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM 5 The doses used in registered clinical trials for COVID-19 vary between studies, with a maximum dose of zinc sulfate 220 mg (50 mg of elemental zinc) twice daily. Children need to get enough zinc to grow and develop properly. Healthy Children > Ages & Stages > Teen > Nutrition > Zinc: Good For Growth Ages & Stages Listen. The Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL), the highest level of daily nutrient intake that is likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects for almost all individuals, for adults is 40 mg/day. Copyright Policy While most parents can use the RDA and tolerable upper intake level amounts when deciding how much zinc their children should get, some special situations may warrant a different amount. Children between the ages of 1 and 3 should not get more than 7 milligrams of zinc. Renal Dose Adjustments. Male: 5 mg (Upper intake limit: 12 mg) Available for Android and iOS devices. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)-expressed as elemental zinc: The daily recommended dose of zinc is 12 mg for women and 15 mg for men. Copyright © This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. 9 to 13 years: Liver Dose Adjustments. The nutrient helps the body make proteins and DNA, and also helps the immune system fight off bacteria and viruses. It should not be Children who have digestive disorders, sickle cell disease and those diagnosed with a zinc deficiency may need more zinc than others. Tissue loading may occur at even lower rates of administration. The recommended dietary allowance, according to the Office of Dietary Supplements, children between the ages of 4 to 8 should get at least 5 milligrams, while children between the ages of 9 and 13 should get at least 9 milligrams of zinc. TPN. The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. Institute of Medicine of the National Academies; Dietary Reference Intakes; Recommended Dietary Allowances, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies; Dietary Reference Intakes; Tolerable Upper Intake Levels, PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION. It is possible for children to get too much zinc. 4.5-23.7 mg zinc gluconate lozenge PO q2hr. Dialysis. Select one or more newsletters to continue. Dose expressed as elemental zinc. Children need to get enough zinc to grow and develop properly. Female: 5 mg (Upper intake limit: 12 mg) Frequent monitoring of zinc blood levels is suggested for patients receiving more than the usual maintenance dosage level of zinc. 1 to 3 years: Male: 2 mg (Upper intake limit: 4 mg) Headache 4. Male: 8 mg (Upper intake limit: 23 mg) The optimal weight-adjusted mg/kg/day amphetamine dose with zinc was 37% lower than with placebo. 14 to 18 years: . Male: 11 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg) Indigestion 2. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. These include zinc, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins C and D, magnesium, and,if your child is dairy-free, calcium. Pregnancy: 11 mg (Upper intake limit: 40 mg) We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -, Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation and Deficiency. Prolonged use of thiazide diuretics could deplete zinc tissue levels, so healthcare providers should monitor zinc status in patients taking these medications. It should be accompanied by at least 1 mg copper from food and supplements for every 15 mg zinc. 2020 7 to 12 months: Frequent monitoring of zinc blood levels is recommended for TPN patients receiving more than the usual maintenance dosage level of zinc. Likewise, the optimal absolute mg/day amphetamine dose with zinc was 43% lower than with placebo (Arnold et al., 2011). Nausea 5. Zinc sulfate may be taken with food if stomach upset occurs. Zinc deficiency can occur in infants and children as a result of inadequate dietary zinc intake, disturbed zinc metabolism secondary to numerous disease states, and an inherited defect in zinc metabolism in acrodermatitis enteropathica. [1,3,7] Zinc can also help to control lipid metabolism in diabetics, helping to improve cholesterol and triglyceride levels. advertisements are served by third party advertising companies. Research indicates that patients with impaired kidney function, including premature neonates, who receive parenteral levels of aluminum at greater than 4 to 5 mcg/kg/day accumulate aluminum at levels associated with central nervous system and bone toxicity. Zinc sulfate injection: IV: Dosage: 105 mg to 350 mg daily. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Zinc is an essential nutrient for your child’s health as it empowers the immune system to keep illnesses from bacterias and viruses at bay. Female: 9 mg (Upper intake limit: 34 mg) Dose expressed as elemental zinc. 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